Also Markandeya: 'Father, grandfather, and great grandfather, these
three persons are the participators in Pinda; the participators in Lepa are others --
three (generations) beginning with the paternal grandfather's paternal grandfather and the
offered of Pinda being the seventh. This is the relationship extending over seven
generations declared by sages'. 9
'This amounts to a declaration that participation by seven generations
of the same offering of Pinda establishes Sapinda relationship. If so, there would be no
Sapinda relationship with a brother, a paternal uncle and others for they are not
included among those specified. It is not so the similarity of ceremony in relation to the
identical divinity is intended to be expressed by it.
Some one among those who participate as divinities in the offering made
by Devadatta may also participate in offerings made by his brother, paternal uncle and
others; and thus the Sapinda relationship of Devadatta is established.' 'Similarly
Sapinda relationship arises for the wives out of their joining in the Pinda oblation
offered by their husbands. This is called Sapinda relationship through offering.
Others state a different kind of Sapinda relation. They say that those
who have the same Pinda or body are Sapindas. So the son is a Sapinda of his father,
because of his direct connection with him by particles of the same body; similarly of his
paternal grandfather and others, being related to them by particles of the same body
through the father.
In like manuer he is a Sapinda of his mother, being directly
with her by particles of her body and of his maternal grandfather and others, being
connected with them by particles of the body through the mother. And so also of his
paternal uncle, fathers sister and others by particles of the body of the paternal
grandfather and of his mother's sister, maternal uncle and others, by the particle of the
body of the maternal grandfather; similarly he is a Sapinda of his wife, as she in
conjunction with him is the originator of the same body.'