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Temples & Legends Of Kerala
Kulapati's Preface Author's Preface
Introduction The Temple Of Sri Padmanabha
A Temple Of Serpents The Goddess Who Has Periods
Aranmula Parthasarathi Ambalapuzha Krishna
Sabarimala The Fierce Lord Of Ettumanur
The Benign Lord Chottanikara
Kaladi A Temple For Kannaki
A Temple For Bharata Sri Rama Temple At Triprayar
The Vadakkunnathan Temple The Lord Of Guruvayur
A Temple For Rama And Lakshmana The Historic Tali Temple
Tiruvangad Peruma Rajarajeswara Of Taliparamba
Trichambaram Krishna Temple Other Temples
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

INTRODUCTION

Jainism

The Jain religion came to Kerala in the 3rd century B. C. On account of a great famine in North India in 297 B. C. it is believed a large number of Jains led byChandragupta Maurya (321-297 B. C.) and the Jain Saint
Bhadrabahu came to Sravanabelagola in Mysore. In course of time they spread all over South India.

Jainism enjoyed high prestige in Kerala in the early centuries of the Christian era and had royal patrons as well, notably in llango Adikal, better known for his Tamil epic Silappadikaram. He lived in Trikanama- tilakam, which became a famous centre of Jain religion and learning. There was several other Jain a shrine too, which were subordinate to the one at Matilakam.

Even the Kutalmanikyam temple at Irinjalakuda, dedicated to Bharata is believed to have been originally a Jain shrine. It was converted into a Hindu temple like several other Jain shrines in Kerala, following the decline of Jainism which started in the 8th century thanks to the Saivite and Vaishnavite movements. Jainism seems to have lingered till the 16th century and then it almost dis - appeared. The only vestiges of Jainism in Kerala today are the Jain shrines at kallil Mundur, Palghat and Sultan’s Battery. Besides some old Jain families live in the Wynad and Kasargod area in north Kerala.
 

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