The temples of Kerala also played an important part in the
movement for eradication of Untouchability, which started with the famous Vaikom
Satyagraha in 1924-25. Even Mahatma Gandhi was associated with this event and the result
was the opening of the temple approach roads to all Hindus, which were otherwise closed to
Harijans. Then there was a referendum regarding the opening of Guruvayur temple to all
Hindus, in which 70 percent of the voters showed approval.
Subsequently on November 12, 1936, the Sri Chitra Balarama
Varma, Maharaja of Travancore, issued the Temple Entry Proclamation. Within a, decade
Cochin and Malabar followed suit. Thus, "Kerala was at the forefront of the social
and religious reforms that were to be institutionalized throughout India with independence
Mention must be made here of two saints of his period, who
were more Pragmatic. They were Chattampi Swamikal (1854 - 1924) and Sri Narayana
Guru.(1856-1928) who dedicated themselves to their community - Nair and Ezhava
respectively - instead of seeking salvation only for their individual selves by
withdrawing from the world..