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Temples & Legends Of Bihar
Index Of Bihar Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author
Phulher Ma Paudi
Benusagar Mandar Hill
Sultanganj Konch
Mundesvari Parasnath
Vaisali Nalanda
Patan Devi Aranya Devi
Shahabad Sonepur
Uchaitha Kurkihar
Masarh Maheshi
Jagarnathpur Harmandir
Deoghar Singheshwarsthan
Mahabodhi  
Major Sections
Temples  & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

MUNDESVARI

Mundesvari temple is the earliest specimen of the Nagara type of temple architecture available in Bihar. It is unfortunate that, although a distinct style of temple architecture, known as the Nagara type, was evolved in Magadha with its centre at Pataliputra, specimens of it even in Bihar are very rare. This gives an added importance to the Mundesvari temple, although much of the structure has crumbled down. From the point of view of the age of temples, this is the oldest in Bihar.

The temple is in the shape of an octagon (ashtasra) and an octagonal ground plan for a temple is rather rare. The Sankaracharya temple at Srinagar built in the 18th century is another example. In the Mundesvari temple there are doors or windows on four sides and small niches for the reception of statues in theremaining four walls. The principal entrance is evidently to the east where a few pillars are still to be seen.

These pillars must have once supported a portico. Inside the temple there is a lingam with four heads and a statue of Durga, together with a large stone vessel and a stone chest. Most of the latticed stone work on the windows has now disappeared but some of the specimens are preserved in the window to the north.

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Mundesvari Temple - Side View
About Mundesvari
Introduction
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