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Temples & Legends of Bengal
Index Of Bengal Kulapati's Preface
Preface Author
The Kalighat Temple of Calcutta Ram Krishna Mission Temples
The Temples in Burdwan The Temples in Hooghly
The Temples in Twenty four Parganas The Temples in Midnapore
The Temples in Birbhum Ektesvara - Siva Temple
The Temples In Bankura Jain Temples In Purulia
Kapilmuni Temple at Sagar Island A Chinese Temple
The Tibetan Temple At Bhotbagan Kiriteswari   Temple
Bhattamati Temple  
Major Sections
Temples & Legends Of India
Andhrapradesh
Maharastra
Kerala
Himachal Pradesh
Tamilnadu

Bengal

Assam
Bihar
Somanatha

THE TEMPLES IN BANKURA

It is significant that Bankura district has a predominance of the Santals and the so-called low castes but essentially martial communities of the Doms and the Bauris. Roughly the population of the Bauris in West Bengal comes to a little more than three lakhs and about two and half lakhs of Bauris live in the districts of Burdwan, Birbhum and Bankura. The Doms count a little more than a lakh in Bengal and two-thirds of them are to be found in Bankura district.1

The contribution of these so-called lower but virile and important castes to the culture-complex of Bengal is substantial although it has not yet been fully appraised. Many of the local legends and much of local history are associated with the Dhibars (fishermen), Doms, Bauris and such other castes that are collectively known as Bygra-Kshatriya. Many of the ruling families in this area either emanated from them or entirely depended on the
strength of their arms for the continuity of their rule. Many of their indigenous gods and godlings have found a place in the eclectic Hindu pantheon of deities. Any enquiry into the folk-tales, ballads, local songs, proverbs and local festivals will show how deep was their contribution to the social and cultural level. It is they who fought for the rulers and supplied military escort for treasures. It is they who supplied the labor for cultivation. Even the history of the temples in the district of Bankura cannot do without a reference to these so-called lower castes of the district.

The temples of Bankura district have recently been highlighted in a number of articles and books in the Bengali Press.2

The Tribes and Castes of West Bengal: A.Mitra: W.B. Government, 1953, pp. 83-198.

(1) Bankurar Mandir (Bengali), Amiya Kumar Bandopadhyaya, Calcutta, 1965.

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Temples & Legends Of Bengal.
About Temples In Bankura
Introduction
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