The temple of Kamakhya is situated on a hill three miles off
from Gauhati, the headquarters of the Kamrup District. It is about eight hundred feet
above sea level. There is a small township on the hillock consisting of some 200 families
who are mostly connected with the temple. It has certain modern facilities; there is a
Post Office and educational institutions upto High School standard. It is also proposed to
construct a hospital there.
The fine road, which can be used for light vehicular traffic
and the stone pathway, connect the foot of the hill with the top. Buses ply every 10 or 15
minutes from Gauhati to the foot of the hill from where one can go to the top by taxies
that are readily available at the bus stop.
Kamakhya seems to be a new name of the goddess and she does not
appear in the early literature. Dr. B. Kakuei gives evidence for thinking that the word is
non- Sanskrit in origin. He has equated the word with some similar Austric formations,
which mean ghost or dead body. He further suggests that Kamakhya was formerly, a goddess
of ghosts and spirits, who was worshipped in a smasana or cremation ground.
Author - B.K.Barua &