1. I will now propound the eternal laws for a husband and his wife who keep to the path of duty, whether they be united or separated.
2. Day and night woman must
be kept in dependence by the males (of) their (families), and, if they attach
themselves to sensual enjoyments, they must be kept under one's control.
father protects (her) in childhood, her husband protects (her) in youth, and her
sons protect (her) in old age; a woman is never fit for independence.
Reprehensible is the father who gives not (his daughter in marriage) at the proper
time; reprehensible is the husband who approaches not (his wife in due season),
and reprehensible is the son who does not protect his mother after her husband
5. Women must particularly be guarded against evil inclinations, however
trifling (they may appear); for, if they are not guarded, they will bring sorrow on two
6. Considering that the highest duty of all castes, even weak husbands
(must) strive to guard their wives.
7. He who carefully guards his wife, preserves
(the purity of) his offspring, virtuous conduct, his family, himself, and his (means of
8. The husband, after conception by his wife, becomes an embryo
and is born again of her; for that is the wife-hood of a wife (gaya), that he is born
(gayate) again by her.
9. As the male is to whom a wife cleaves, even so is the son
whom she brings forth; let him therefore carefully guard his wife, in order to keep
his offspring pure.
10. No man can completely guard women by force; but they can
be guarded by the employment of the (following) expedients: