(A king) who knows the sacred law, must
inquire into the laws of castes (gati), of districts, of guilds, and of families, and (thus) settle the
peculiar law of each.
For men who follow their particular occupations and abide by their
particular duty, become dear to people, though they may live at a distance.
Neither the king
nor any servant of his shall themselves cause a lawsuit to be begun, or hush up one that has been
brought (before them) by (some) other (man).
As a hunter traces the lair of a (wounded)
deer by the
drops of blood, even so the king shall discover on which side the right lies, by inferences (from
When engaged in judicial proceedings he must pay full attention to the truth, to the
object (of the dispute), (and) to himself, next to the witnesses, to the place, to the time, and to
What may have been practised by the virtuous, by such twice-born men as are
devoted to the law, that he shall establish as law, if it be not opposed to the (customs of)
countries, families, and castes (gati).
When a creditor sues (before the king) for the recovery
of money from a debtor, let him make the debtor pay the sum which the creditor proves (to be
By whatever means a creditor may be able to obtain possession of his property, even
by those means may he force the debtor and make him pay.
By moral suasion, by suit of
law, by artful management, or by the customary proceeding, a creditor may recover property
lent; and fifthly, by force.
A creditor who himself recovers his property from his debtor,
must not be blamed by the king for retaking what is his own.