(For damage) in other fields (each head of) cattle shall (pay a fine of one (pana) and a quarter, and in all (cases the value of) the crop (destroyed) shall be made good to the owner of the field; that is the settled rule.
But Manu has declared that no fine shall be paid for (damage done by) a cow within ten days after her calving, by bulls and by cattle sacred to the gods, whether they are attended by a herdsman or not.
If (the crops are destroyed by) the husbandman's (own) fault, the fine shall amount to ten times as much as (the king's) share; but the fine (shall be) only half that amount if (the fault lay) with the servants and the farmer had no knowledge of it.
To these rules a righteous king shall keep in (all cases of) transgressions by masters, their cattle, and herdsmen.
If a dispute has arisen between two villages concerning a boundary, the king shall settle the limits in the month of
Gyaishtha, when the landmarks are most distinctly visible.
Let him mark the boundaries (by) trees, (e.g.) Nyagrodhas, Asvatthas, Kimsukas, cotton-trees, Salas, Palmyra palms, and trees with milky juice,
By clustering shrubs, bamboos of different kinds, Samis, creepers and raised mounds, reeds, thickets of
Kubgaka; thus the boundary will not be forgotten.
Tanks, wells, cisterns, and fountains should be built where boundaries meet, as well as temples,
And as he will see that through men's ignorance of the boundaries trespasses constantly occur in the world, let him cause to be made other hid- den marks for boundaries,
Stones, bones, cow's hair, cha3, ashes, potsherds, dry cow dung, bricks, cinders, pebbles, and sand,