A king, desirous of investigating law cases, must
enter his court of justice, preserving a dignified demean our, together with Brahmanas and
with experienced councilors.
There, either seated or standing, raising his right arm, without
ostentation in his dress and ornaments, let him examine the business of suitors,
(deciding) one after another (all cases) which fall under the eighteen titles (of the law) according
to principles drawn from local usages. and from the Institutes of the sacred law.
(titles) the first is the non-payment of debts, (then follow), (2) deposit and pledge, (3) sale
without ownership, (4) concerns among partners, and (5) resumption of gifts.
(6) Non-payment of wages, (7) non-performance of agreements, (8) rescission of sale and purchase, (9)
disputes between the owner (of cattle) and his servants,
(10) Disputes regarding boundaries,
(11) assault and (12) defamation, (13) theft, (14) robbery and violence, (15) adultery,
Duties of man and wife, (17) partition (of inheritance), (18) gambling and betting; these are in
the eighteen topics which give rise to lawsuits.
Depending on the eternal law, let him decide
the suits of men who mostly contend on the titles just mentioned.
But if the king does not
personally investigate the suits, then let him appoint a learned Brahmana to try them.
(man) shall enter that most excellent court, accompanied by three assessors, and fully consider
(all) causes (brought) before the (king), either sitting down or standing.