As many persons as the due performance of his
business requires, so many skilful and clever (men), free from sloth, let him
Among them let him employ the brave, the skilful, the high-born,
and the honest in (faces for the collection of) revenue, (e.g.)
in mines, manufactures, and storehouses, (but) the timid in the interior of his
Let him also appoint an ambassador who is versed in all sciences,
who understands hints, expressions of the face and gestures, who is honest,
skilful, and of (noble) family.
(Such) an ambassador is commended to a king
(who is) loyal, honest, skilful, possessing a good memory, who knows the
(proper) place and time (for action, who is) handsome, fearless, and eloquent.
army depends on the facial (placed in charge of it), the due control (of the
subjects) on the army, the treasury and the (government of) the realm on the
king, peace and its opposite (war) on the ambassador.
For the ambassador
alone makes (kings') allies and separates al- lies; the ambassador transacts
that business by which (kings) are disunited or not.
With respect to the affairs let the (ambassador) explore the expression of the countenance, the
gestures and actions of the (foreign king) through the gestures and actions of
his confidential (advisers), and (discover) his designs among his servants.
Having learnt exactly (from his ambassador) the designs of the foreign king,
let (the king) take such measures that he does not bring evil on himself.
him settle in a country which is open and has a dry climate, where grain is
abundant, which is chiefly (inhabited) by Aryans, not subject to epidemic
diseases (or similar troubles), and pleasant, where the vassals are obedient and
his own (people easily) find their livelihood.
Let him build (there) a town,
making for his safety a fortress, protected by a desert, or a fortress built of
(stone and) earth, or one protected by water or trees, or one (formed by an
encampment of armed) men or a hill fort.