By him who is pure (and) faithful to his promise, who acts
according to the Institutes (of the sacred law), who has good assistants and is
wise, punishment can be (justly) infected.
Let him act with justice in his
own domain, with rig our chastise his enemies, behave without duplicity towards
his friends, and be lenient towards Brahmanas.
The fame of a king who
behaves thus, even though he subsist by gleaning, is spread in the world, like a
drop of oil on water.
But the fame of a king who acts in a contrary manner
and who does not subdue himself, diminishes in extent among men like a drop of
clarfied butter in water.
The king has been created (to be) the protector
of the castes (varna) and orders, who, all according to their rank, discharge
their several duties.
Whatever must be done by him and by his servants for
the protection of his people, that I will fully declare to you in due order.
Let the king, after rising early in the morning, worship Brahmanas who are well
versed in the threefold sacred science and learned (in polity), and follow their
Let him daily worship aged Brahmanas who know the Veda and are
pure; for he who always worships aged men, is honoured even by Rakshasas.
Let him, though he may already be modest, constantly learn modesty from them;
for a king who is modest never perishes.
Through a want of modesty many
kings have perished, together with their belongings; through modesty even
hermits in the forest have gained kingdoms.