When he knows
his own army to be cheerful in disposition and strong, and (that) of his enemy
the reverse, then let him march against his foe.
But if he is very weak in
chariots and beasts of burden and in troops, then let him carefully sit quiet,
gradually conciliating his foes.
When the king knows the enemy to be
stronger in every respect, then let him divide his army and thus achieve his
But when he is very easily as- sailable by the forces of the
enemy, then let him quickly seek refuge with a righteous, powerful king.
That (prince) who will coerce both his (disloyal) subjects and the army of the
foe, let him ever serve with every effort like a Guru.
When, even in that
(condition), he sees (that) evil is caused by (such) protection, let him without
hesitation have recourse to war.
By all (the four) expedients a politic
prince must arrange (matters so) that neither friends, nor neutrals, nor foes
are superior to himself.
Let him fully consider the future and the
immediate results of all undertakings, and the good and bad sides of all past
He who knows the good and the evil (which will result from his
acts) in the future, is quick in forming resolutions for the present, and
understands the consequences of past (actions), will not be conquered.
him arrange everything in such a manner that no ally, no neutral or foe may
injure him; that is the sum of political wisdom.