Manu has declared that the flesh (of an animal) killed by
dogs is pure, likewise (that) of a (beast) slain by carnivorous (animals) or by
men of low caste (Dasyu), such as Kandalas.
All those cavities (of the body) which lie above the navel are pure, (but) those which are
below the navel are impure, as well as excretions that fall from the body.
Flies, drops of water, a shadow, a cow, a horse, the rays of the sun, dust,
earth, the wind, and fire one must know to be pure to the touch.
In order to
cleanse (the organs) by which urine and faeces are ejected, earth and water must
be used, as they may be required, likewise in removing the (remaining ones
among) twelve impurities of the body.
Oily exudations, semen, blood, (the
fatty substance of the) brain, urine, faeces, the mucus of the nose, ear-wax,
phlegm, tears, the rheum of the eyes, and sweat are the twelve impurities of
He who desires to be pure, must clean the organ by one
(application of) earth, the anus by (applying earth) three (times), the (left)
hand alone by (applying it) ten (times), and both (hands) by (applying it) seven
Such is the purfication ordained for householders; (it shall be)
double for students, treble for hermits, but quadruple for ascetics.
he has voided urine or faeces, let him, after sipping water, sprinkle the
cavities, likewise when he is going to recite the Veda, and always before he
Let him who desires bodily purity first sip water three times,
and then twice wipe his mouth; but a woman and a Sudra (shall perform each act)
Sudras who live according to the law, shall each month shave
(their heads); their mode of purfication (shall be) the same as that of Vaisyas,
and their food the fragments of an Aryan's meal.