1. Having dwelt with a teacher during the fourth part of (a man's) life, a Brahmana shall live during the
second quarter (of his existence) in his house, after he
has wedded a wife.
2. A Brahmana must seek a means
of subsistence which either causes no, or at least little
pain (to others), and live (by that) except in times of
3. For the purpose of gaining bare subsistence,
let him accumulate property by (following those) irreproachable occupations (which are prescribed for) his
(caste), without (unduly) fatiguing his body.
may subsist by Rita (truth), and Amrita (ambrosia), or
by Mrita (death) and by Pramrita (what causes many
deaths); or even by (the mode) called Satyanrita (a mixture of truth and falsehood), but never by Svavritti (a
dog's mode of life).
5. By Rita shall be understood
the gleaning of corn; by Amrita, what is given unasked;
by Mrita, food obtained by begging and agriculture is
declared to be Pramrita.
6. But trade and (money-lending) are Satyanrita, even by that one may subsist.
Service is called Svavritti; therefore one should avoid it.
7. He may either possess enough
to fill a granary, or a store filling a grain-jar; or he may collect what
for three days, or make no provision for the morrow.
8. Moreover, among these four Brahmana
householders, each later (named) must be considered more distinguished, and through his virtue to have conquered
the world more completely.
9. One of these follows
six occupations, another subsists by three, one by two,
but the fourth lives by the Brahmasattra.
10. He who
maintains himself by picking up grains and ears of corn,
must be always intent on (the performance of) the Agnihotra, and constantly offer
those Ishtis only, which are
prescribed for the days of the conjunction and opposition (of the moon), and for the solstices.