21. (They are) the
rite of Brahman (Brahma), that of the gods (Daiva),
that of the Rishis (Arsha), that of Pragapati (Pragapatya), that of the Asuras (Asura), that of the Gandharvas
(Gandharva), that of the Rhashasas (Rakshasa), and
that of the Pisakas (Paisaka).
22. Which is lawful for
each caste (varna) and which are the virtues or faults
of each (rite), all this I will declare to you, as well as
their good and evil results with respect to the offspring.
23. One may know that the
first six according to the
order (followed above) are lawful for a Brahmana, the
four last for a Kshatriya, and the same four, excepting
the Rakshasa rite, for a Vaisya and a Sudra.
sages state that the first four are approved (in the case)
of a Brahmana, one, the Rakshasa (rite in the case) of a
Kshatriya, and the Asura (marriage in that) of a Vaisya
and of a Sudra.
25. But in these (Institutes of the
sacred law) three of the five (last) are declared to be lawful and two unlawful; the Paisaka and the Asura (rites)
must never be used.
26. For Kshatriyas those before
mentioned two rites, the Gandharva and the Rakshasa,
whether separate or mixed, are permitted by the sacred
27. The gift of a daughter, after decking her
(with costly garments) and honouring (her by presents
of jewels), to a man learned in the Veda and of good
conduct, whom (the father) himself invites, is called the
28. The gift of a daughter who has been
decked with ornaments, to a priest who duly officiates at a sacrifice, during the course of its performance, they
call the Daiva rite.
29. When (the father) gives away his
daughter according to the rule, after receiving from the
bridegroom, for (the fulfillment of) the sacred law, a cow
and a bull or two pairs, that is named the Arsha rite.
30. The gift of a daughter (by her father) after he has
addressed (the couple) with the text, 'May both of you
perform together your duties,' and has shown honour
(to the bridegroom), is called in the Smriti the Pragapatya rite.