51. Having collected as much food as is
required (from several persons), and having announced it
without guile to his teacher, let him eat, turning his face
towards the east, and having purified himself by sipping
52. (His meal will procure) long life, if he eats
facing the east; fame, if he turns to the south; prosperity, if he turns to the west; truthfulness, if he faces the
53. Let a twice-born man always eat his food with
concentrated mind, after performing an ablution; and
after he has eaten, let him duly cleanse himself with water and sprinkle the cavities (of his head).
54. Let him
always worship his food, and eat it without contempt;
when he sees it, let him rejoice, show a pleased face, and
pray that he may always obtain it.
55. Food, that is
always worshipped, gives strength and manly vigour; but
eaten irreverently, it destroys them both.
56. Let him
not give to any man what he leaves, and beware of eating between (the two meal-times); let him not over-eat
himself, nor go anywhere without having purified him-
self (after his meal).
57. Excessive eating is prejudicial
to health, to fame, and to (bliss in) heaven; it prevents
(the acquisition of) spiritual merit, and is odious among
men; one ought, for these reasons, to avoid it carefully.
58. Let a Brahmana always sip water out of the part
of the hand (tirtha) sacred to Brahman, or out of that
sacred to Ka (Pragapati), or out of (that) sacred to the
gods, never out of that sacred to the manes.
call (the part) at the root of the thumb the tirtha sacred
to Brahman, that at the root of the (little) finger (the
tirtha) sacred to Ka (Pragapati), (that) at the tips (of the fingers, the tirtha) sacred to the gods, and that below
(between the index and the thumb, the tirtha) sacred to
60. Let him first sip water thrice; next twice
wipe his mouth; and, lastly, touch with water the cavities (of the head), (the seat of) the soul and the head.