41. Let students, according to the order
(of their castes), wear (as upper dresses) the skins of
black antelopes, spotted deer, and he-goats, and (lower
garments) made of hemp, flax or wool.
42. The girdle of a Brahmana shall consist of a of a triple cord of
Munga grass, smooth and soft; (that) of a Kshatriya, of
a bowstring, made of Murvafibres; (that) of a Vaisya,
of hempen threads.
43. If Munga grass (and so forth)
be not procurable, (the girdles) may be made of Kusa,
Asmantaka, and Balbaga (fibres), with a single three fold knot, or with three or five (knots according to the
custom of the family).
44. The sacrificial string of a
Brahmana shall be made of cotton, (shall be) twisted
to the right, (and consist) of three threads, that of a
Kshatriya of hempen threads, (and) that of a Vaisya
of woolen threads.
45. A Brahmana shall (carry),
cording to the sacred law, a staff of Bilva or Palasa; a
Kshatriya, of Vata or Khadira; (and) a Vaisya, of Pilu
46. The staff of a Brahmana shall be
made of such length as to reach the end of his hair; that
of a Kshatriya, to reach his forehead; (and) that of a
Vaisya, to reach (the tip of his) nose.
47. Let all the
staves be straight, without a blemish, handsome to look
at, not likely to terrify men, with their bark perfect, unhurt by fire.
48. Having taken a
staff according to
his choice, having worshipped the sun and walked round the fire, turning his right hand towards it, (the student)
should beg alms according to the prescribed rule.
initiated Brahmana should beg, beginning (his request
with the word) lady (bhavati); a Kshatriya, placing (the
word) lady in the middle, but a Vaisya, placing it at the
end (of the formula).
50. Let him first beg food of his
mother, or of his sister, or of his own maternal aunt, or
of (some other) female who will not disgrace him (by a