241. It is
prescribed that in times of distress (a student) may learn
(the Veda) from one who is not a Brahmana; and that
he shall walk behind and serve (such a) teacher, as long
as the instruction lasts.
242. He who desires incomparable bliss (in heaven) shall not dwell during his whole life
in (the house of) a non-Brahmanical teacher, nor with a
Brahmana who does not know the whole Veda and the
243. But if (a student) desires to pass his whole
life in the teacher's house, he must diligently serve him,
until he is freed from this body.
244. A Brahmana who
serves his teacher till the dissolution of his body, reaches
forthwith the eternal mansion of Brahman.
245. He who
knows the sacred law must not present any gift to his
teacher before (the Samavartana); but when, with the
permission of his teacher, he is about to take the (final) bath, let him procure (a present) for the venerable
man according to his ability.
246. (Viz.) a
field, gold, a
cow, a horse, a parasol and shoes, a seat, grain, (even)
vegetables, (and thus) give pleasure to his teacher.
(A perpetual student) must, if his teacher dies, serve his
son (provided he be) endowed with good qualities, or
his widow, or his Sapinda, in the same manner as the
248. Should none of these be alive, he must
serve the sacred fire, standing (by day) and sitting (during the night), and thus finish his life.
249. A Brahmana
who thus passes his life as a student without breaking
his vow, reaches (after death) the highest abode and will
not be born again in this world.