21. That (country) which (lies) between the Himavat and the Vindhya (mountains) to the east of Prayaga
and to the west of Vinasana (the place where the river
Sarasvati disappears) is called Madhyadesa (the central
22. But (the tract) between those two mountains (just mentioned), which (extends) as far as the
eastern and the western oceans, the wise call Aryavarta
(the country of the Aryans).
23. That land where the
black antelope naturally roams, one must know to be first for the performance of sacrifices; (the tract) different
from that (is) the country of the Mlekkhas (barbarians).
24. Let twice-born men seek to dwell in those (above
mentioned countries); but a Sudra, distressed for subsistence, may reside anywhere.
25. Thus has the origin of the sacred law been succinctly described to you and the origin of this universe;
learn (now) the duties of the castes (varna).
holy rites, prescribed by the Veda, must the ceremony on
conception and other sacraments be performed for twice-
born men, which sanctify the body and purify (from sin)
in this (life) and after death.
27. By burnt oblations
during (the mother's) pregnancy, by the Gatakarman
(the ceremony after birth), the Kauda (tonsure), and
the Maungibandhana (the tying of the sacred girdle of
Munga grass) is the taint, derived from both parents,
removed from twice-born men.
28. By the study of
the Veda, by vows, by burnt oblations, by (the recitation of) sacred texts, by the (acquisition of the) three-
fold sacred science, by firing (to the gods, Rishis, and
manes), by (the procreation of) sons, by the great sacrifices, and by (Srauta) rites this (human) body is made
fit for (union with) Brahman.
29. Before the navel-
string is cut, the Gatakarman (birth-rite) must be performed for a male (child); and while sacred formulas
are being recited, he must be fed with gold, honey, and
30. But let (the father perform or) cause to
be performed the Namadheya (the rite of naming the
child), on the tenth or twelfth (day after birth), or on a
lucky lunar day, in a lucky muhurta, under an auspicious