11. Every twice-born man,
who, relying on the Institutes of dialectics, treats with
contempt those two sources (of the law), must be cast
out by the virtuous, as an atheist and a scorner of the
12. The Veda, the sacred tradition, the customs
of virtuous men, and one's own pleasure, they declare to
be visibly the fourfold means of defining the sacred law.
13. The knowledge of the sacred law is prescribed for
those who are not given to the acquisition of wealth and
to the gratification of their desires; to those who seek
the knowledge of the sacred law the supreme authority
is the revelation (Sruti).
14. But when two sacred texts
(Sruti) are conflicting, both are held to be law; for both
are pronounced by the wise (to be) valid law.
the (Agnihotra) sacrifice may be (optionally) performed,
at any time after the sun has risen, before he has risen,
or when neither sun nor stars are visible; that (is declared) by Vedic texts.
16. Know that he for whom
(the performance of) the ceremonies beginning with the
rite of impregnation (Garbhadhana) and ending with the
funeral rite (Antyeshti) is prescribed, while sacred for
mulas are being recited, is entitled (to study) these Institutes, but no other man whatsoever.
17. That land,
created by the gods, which lies between the two divine
rivers Sarasvati and Drishadvati, the (sages) call Brahmavarta.
18. The custom handed down in regular succession (since time immemorial) among the (four chief)
castes (varna) and the mixed (races) of that country, is
called the conduct of virtuous men.
19. The plain of the
Kurus, the (country of the) Matsyas, Pankalas, and Surasenakas, these (form), indeed, the country of the
Brahmarshis (Brahmanical sages, which ranks) immediately after Brahmavarta.
20. From a Brahmana, born in
that country, let all men on earth learn their several usages.