By the king's order they shall always execute the criminals, in
accordance with the law, and they shall take for themselves the
clothes, the beds, and the ornaments of (such) criminals.
A man of impure origin, who belongs not to any caste, (varna, but
whose character is) not known, who, (though) not an Aryan, has the
appearance of an Aryan, one may discover by his acts.
Behavior unworthy of an Aryan, harshness, cruelty, and habitual
neglect of the prescribed duties betray in this world a man of
A base born man either resembles in character his father, or his
mother, or both; he can never conceal his real nature.
Even if a man, born in a great family, sprang from criminal
intercourse, he will certainly possess the faults of his (father),
be they small or great.