Let the three twice-born castes (varna), discharging their
(prescribed) duties, study (the Veda); but among them the Brahmana
(alone) shall teach it, not the other two; that is an established
The Brahmana must know the means of subsistence (prescribed) by law
for all, instruct the others, and he live according to (the law)
On account of his pre-eminence, on account of the superiority of his
origin, on account of his observance of (particular) restrictive
rules, and on account of his particular sanctification the Brahmana
is the lord of (all) castes (varna).
Brahmana, the Kshatriya, and the Vaisya castes (varna) are the
twice-born ones, but the fourth, the Sudra, has one birth only;
there is no fifth (caste).
In all castes (varna) those (children) only which are begotten in
the direct order on wedded wives, equal (in caste and married as)
virgins, are to be considered as belonging to the same caste (as