|There are six
Darsanas divided into three groups: -
- Nyaya by Gautama, and Vaisesika by Kanada.
- Samkhya by Kapila, and Yoga by Patanjali.
- Mimamsa by Jaimini, and Vedanta by Badarayana.
Each Darsana consists of a number of Sutras or aphorisms attributed to the founder of the
school. To these Sutras is attached an authoritative commentary of a later age. And on
this original commentary we have glosses, notes and later commentaries.
Of these six schools of philosophy only one still holds, the field of
orthodoxy, and that is the Vedanta. It is considered the most satisfactory system of
philosophy that could be evolved out of the Upanisads.
For it has a right conception of the
relative importance of the various parts of the Veda as well as of the supremacy of the
Vedic revelation. The first four Darsanas, namely, Nyaya, Vaisesika, Samkhya and Yoga,
though in theory they accept the Veda as the supreme authority, have nevertheless many
doctrines which are opposed to its teachings.