love thy neighbour as thyself is supposed to be the golden
rule. But to the Hindu who believes in the oneness of creation,
there is nothing extraordinary in this. I love my neighbour
because in the ultimate analysis, my neighbour is also myself
-that is his line of argument. In fact the sole mission of his life
is to realise this oneness. To him, spiritual life is
impossible without a moral and ethical life. Therefore very great
stress is laid on the latter.
The wonderful Hindu mind has
condensed the whole gamut of ethical and moral principles in two
simple words: Yama and Niyama. Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya
and Aparigraha these constitute Yama. Niyama consists of Shaucha,
Santosha, Tapas, Svadhyaya and Ishvarapranidhana.