What is Self-inquiry?
Self-inquiry (Atma-vichara) is perhaps the most important meditation practice of the Yoga of
Knowledge (Jnana Yoga). It consists of tracing the I-thought back to
its origin in Pure Consciousness. One casts aside the object portion
of our thoughts, the this or that with which the I has been
identified, which is ultimately the I-am-the-body idea, and strives
to discover the pure I-in-itself devoid of all objectivity.
This means to try to find
out who we really are in our eternal Being as apart from the
transient becoming in which we are involved. This system is perhaps
best explained in the modern world in the teachings of Ramana
Maharshi, though it is the essence of Vedanta as found in the
Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita.