Tanjore is the headquarters of the Tanjore District of Madras State It is a big town having a Railway Station of the same name on the Southern Railway. The Tamil name of the place is Thanjavoor. Since the time of the Imperial Cholas, Tanjore has
Vijayalaya Chola conquered Thanjavoor about 850 A.D. from the Mutharayar Chiefs and made it the capital for his newly founded line of Imperial Cholas, who ruled over Tamilnad for more than 400 years (850 to 1279).They have left an imperishable mark on its history. Probably
Tanjore was previously called Tanjai. But others give a derivation to the name from
Tanjam, a demon who was haunting the locality and was destroyed by God Vishnu.
Author : Shri R. K. Das