Can we define 'Modernisation' ?
'Modern' means of the present and recent times or characteristic of present or recent time.
Conventionally, the term 'Modernism' denotes modern views or methods; tendency in matters of religious beliefs to subordinated tradition to harmony with modern thought, modern term or expression. In other words, it denotes modern usage, expression or trait; modern spirit or character; a tendency to adjust Christian dogma to the results of science and criticism; To modernise is to adapt to the present time, conditions, needs, language, or spelling; to adopt modern ways.
Obviously, this connotation is the natural consequence of the peculiar historical background of Europe. It becomes irrelevant in case of a country which had no Church, no organised priest-hood, no religious persecution, and no conflict between religions and sciences.
To non-European countries, therefore, 'Modernisation' should simply mean 'equipment to solve the problems and meet the challenges of modern times, with a view to ensure all-round progress in future'.