known village where there are some very fine antiquities is Pabanpur in Barabhum
Pargana. Here also the author found a number of ruined temples and broken
antiquities. On all the sides of the temple there are some damaged images of the
Tirthankars. Some of the temples have delicate carvings superbly executed and show
influence of Pala culture.
It is unfortunate that very little research has been made in this rich area of Purulia
district, which saw the evolution of Jainism and its close relationship with orthodox
Hinduism, Saivism and Vaishnavism. A number of inscriptions have been found at
various villages, some of which are Karcha, Bhawanipur, Palma, Anai, Bauridih, Kumhri,
Kumardaga, Chaliana, Simagunda and Jaida etc.
largest inscription is at Simagunda near Nimidih railway station and contains six lines.
Very few of these inscriptions have been studied. A proper study of the inscriptions
and images supported by some more excavation in a well identified area of Jain culture is
bound to throw a good deal of light on the history of culture in this part of the country
about two thousand years back.