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Astronomy




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Hindu Books > History > Ancient India's Contribution to World Culture > Astronomy

Ancient India's Contribution to Astronomy

"In India I found a race of mortals living upon the Earth. but not adhering to it. Inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them, possessing everything but possessed by nothing".


- Apollonius Tyanaeus
- Greek Thinker and Traveller 1st Century AD


This temple was dedicated to Surya - the sun god Surya was referred to, in Vedic literature as the creator who himself revolves causing existence.

In the working out of horoscopes (called Janmakundali), the position of the Navagrahas, nine planets plus Rahu and Ketu (mythical demons, evil forces) was considered. The Janmakundali was a complex mixture of science and dogma. But the concept was born out of astronomical observations and perception based on astronomical phenomenon. In ancient times personalities like Aryabhatta and Varahamihira were associated with Indian astronomy.

It would be surprising for us to know today that this science had advanced to such an extent in ancient India that ancient Indian astronomers had recognised that stars are same as the sun, that the sun is center of the universe (solar system) and that the circumference of the earth is 5000 Yojanas. One Yojana being 7.2 kms., the ancient Indian estimates came close to the actual figure.

Author : Shri Sudheer Birodkar




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Astronomy
Astronomy
The Calculation of Eclipses And The Earth's Circumference
The Heliocenteric Theory Of Gravitation
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