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Purusharthas




Page: 19/27

Hindu Books > Dharma And Philosophy > Hindu Ideals > Purusharthas

Hindu Ideals Page18

It has the same significance as the English phrase "World Order". When used in this context as one of the fundamental purusharthas, it denotes the duties, which are parts of a scheme, which binds together human beings in the bonds of mutual rights, and duties, of causes and consequences of actions and which thus maintains society in perfect order. The word "Dharma" is derived from the root "dhr" which means to uphold, sustain and nourish Probably because Dharma has been in later literature personified and has been used as the name for Yama, the God of Justice, it may have acquired a masculine form through, of course, it has to be recognised that the gender of Sanskrit words does not exactly coincide with the appropriate gender of the things denoted by the words. 

Vide Daara :- (Masculine gender) for wife. Hence in all later Sanskrit literature you can never find "Dharmaani" used as the plural of "Dharma. Though the word Dharma as I have already mentioned, comprises many things and its significance is very wide, in so far as the word is used to denote the primary purushartha, its basic conception and its principle are very clearly enunciated by our Indian thinkers. The purpose of Dharma is the stability of society, the maintenance of social order, and the general welfare of mankind. And whatever conduces to the fulfilment of this purpose is called "Dharma".




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