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Purusharthas




Page: 17/27

Hindu Books > Dharma And Philosophy > Hindu Ideals > Purusharthas

Hindu Ideals Page16

Certainly wealth and enjoyment of it are not in any sense opposed to righteous conduct or perfect morals. Giving and service purify acquisition. Among the for purusharthas, dharma is always mentioned first. This order is never changed. The four purusharthas are also referred to as chaturvarga and the first three, dharma, artha and kama frequently go together and are referred to as trivarga.

Dharma

It is said that Dharma is a word of protean significance. The phenomenon of some words acquiring wide significance is not peculiar to Indian words alone. The English word "Law" may mean many things and ranges from a local byelaw to the natural sequence of the universe-Law of the Universe. Dharma is an ancient word found in the Rig-Veda and the suktas in which the word occurs are mentioned in Kane's History of the Dharma Sastra, Volume 1. It is curious the word is often used in the Veda in the neuter gender.  It is not clear as to when in the history of the evolution of the meaning of this word it came to be used in the masculine gender as "Dharmah". The probability is that the change must have synchronized with the evolving of a clear-cut, abstract conception of "Dharma" when the use of the word came more and more to approximate to the objective value known as Dharma in the same manner as truth, goodness and beauty came to denote abstract conceptions in Greek and Other western philosophies.




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