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Hindu Philosophy




Page: 26/33

Hindu Books > Introduction And References > Essence of Hinduism > Hindu Philosophy

Essence Of Hinduism Page26

These are related to Him as the body is related to the soul. They have no existence apart from Him. They are inherent in Him as attributes in a substance. But they have two phases-the Unmanifest phase and the manifest phase according as God is in His causal state before creation or the effected state after creation.

Creation is an act of God by which souls and matter undergo transformations. Matter is real and it undergoes a real Parinama or evolution. Even after pralaya or dissolution of the world matter exists, as in the beginning, in a subtle state as the Prakara of God. There fore it is eternal, though ever dependent. The soul is a higher Prakara of God than matter, because it is a conscious entity. It is also eternally real and eternally dependent on Him. It is as uncreated as matter. Creation means in this case the expansion of intelligence and the acquisition of a material body.

However, the soul is ever atomic (anu) in size dwelling in the heart like a point of light and therefore ever distinct from God who is all pervasive (vibhu). According to Ramanuja there are three classes of souls-nitya, mukta and baddha. To the first class belong those who are eternally free and who live with God in Vaikuntam, His supreme abode. To the second class belong those who were once subject to samsaara, but who, have now acquired moksa and live with God. And to the third class belong those who are still in the meshes of Samsara and who are striving to be saved.




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