FreeIndia.Org FreeIndia.Org FreeIndia.Org FreeIndia.Org
Home Book Talk Recommendations Bibliography Astrology HinduShops Gifts to India
Books By Subjects
Introduction And References
Temples And Legends of India
Hindu Scriptures
Stories
History
Social And Contemporary Issue
Dharma And Philosophy
Art
Worship
Philosophy And Commentaries
Hindutva
Organizations
Featured Book Authors
David Frawley
Dr. A. V. Srinivasan
Raja Gopala Chari
Dr. Krishna Bhatta
Advertisements
[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Chintan
Dr. David Frawley
Prof. Lata Jagtiani
Dr. Krishna Bhatta
Su.Sh Aditi Banerjee
Sh. Santhana Gopal
Dr. A.V. Srinivasan
Dr. Satish Modh
Dr. Raja Roy
Dr. Nachiketa Tiwari
Sh. Ed. Vishwanathan
Prof. Subhash Kak
Prof. Romesh Diwan
Dr. N. S. Rajaram
Vinay Sahasrabuddhe
Sh. Sudhir Birodkar
Sh. Devant Maharaj
Bookstore
Today's Best Selling Hindu Books from Amazon.com
Best Selling Yoga Books
Books about Gurus
Jain Books
Sikh Books
Eastern Religions Best Sellers
Books in the News
Special Sections
Biographies
Temples And Legends of India
Culture Course
Advertisements
HinduNet Signature Merchandise
Hindu Philosophy




Page: 12/33

Hindu Books > Introduction And References > Essence of Hinduism > Hindu Philosophy

Essence Of Hinduism Page12

This process of creation and destruction goes on from kalpa to kalpa.  The theory of the Samkhya School is known as Parinama -vada. It is a theory of evolution. According to this the universe consists of two eternal realities, one conscious and the other unconscious. The former is called Purusa and the latter Pradhana or Prakrti. There are numberless Purusas or souls all independent of one an other and devoid of any qualities. They are the silent spectators of the various modifications of Pradhana.

The Pradhana or Prakrti of the Sankhya system is either universal matter or universal energy. It has three gunas or dispositions namely, sattva or purity, rajas or passion and tamas or dullness. When these dispositions are in equilibrium, Pradhana is said to be quiescent. But when the equilibrium is disturbed by the presence of souls, the gunas as begin to act on one another and we have evolution in the following order. Pradhana gives rise to 

  1. Mahat or buddhi, which means the cosmic intellect.
  2. Ahamkara or self  - consciousness.
  3. The five so-called tanmatras of sound, touch, smell, form and taste.
  4. Manas or the mind, 
  5. The five organs of cognition
  6. The five organs of action and, finally
  7. The five gross elements of ether, air, light, water and the earth.


The evolving Prakrti is in itself blind and unconscious, but all its activities are purposive, their fulfillment being the fruition of the destiny of souls. At the end of a kalpa the world is dissolved and the three gunas of Prakrti come into equilibrium again.  




Previous Page Previous Page (11/33) - Next Page (13/33) Next Page


Hindu Philosophy
Page1
Page2
Page3
Page4
Page5
Page6
Page7
Page8
Page9
Page10
Page11
Page12
Page13
Page14
Page15
Page16
Page17
Page18
Page19
Page20
Page21
Page22
Page23
Page24
Page25
Page26
Page27
Page28
Page29
Page30
Page31
Page32
Page33
Advertisement
[an error occurred while processing this directive]


This site is part of Dharma Universe LLC websites.
Copyrighted 2009-2014, Dharma Universe.