A. What is Hinduism?
How Does Hinduism Define
Hinduism defines itself in
terms of Sanatana Dharma, which means the "universal
tradition." Such a comprehensive teaching is evident in the
many-sided yogic and meditational practices of Hinduism, the vast
culture of Hinduism including art, medicine and science, and in the
Hindu recognition of the importance of all systems of knowledge,
material, occult and spiritual.
The social customs of
Hinduism, with their emphasis on spiritual practices, are also based
upon such universal truth, though some of them have departed from it
through the long course of time. Hence they require adjustment in
light of changing times.
For this reason it is
important to redefine Hinduism in terms of Sanatana Dharma, to look
at its universal perspective. Yet it is also important to redefine
Sanatana Dharma or the universal tradition in terms of Hinduism
because Hinduism has maintained a living universal tradition through
the millennia, which is of benefit to all who want to become part of
such a tradition today.