through history in uniting as a subcontinent, though some attempts in this direction were
made (for example, Napoleon). The only country of comparable size that has better
succeeded than India through history in maintaining its unity as a country is China.
Yet China has a lesser diversity of peoples than India,
with the Han Chinese making up 95% of the population, and China has often resorted to
violence and even genocide to maintain its central rule. For example in recent times,
China has strictly controlled its Islamic population and repopulated much of its Western
Islamic area with Han Chinese people, so that the Muslims are becoming a minority in their