|Even so long ago as in Tiru-Valiuvar's
time, group complexes disturbed the orderly administration of the State. The Brahmin
commentator explains groups as people bound together by caste or forms of worship and
opposed to others similarly bound.
After enunciating everything that goes to
make a happy State, the poet winds up the chapter with do following verse emphasizing the
importance of good administration.
A State may have everything mentioned in
this chapter, yet if it has not the right kind of ruler, they win all come to nothing.