he writes,"the movement of Sanskritization is in no way
approved by Brahmin priests and yet it goes on. Islamization, on the
contrary, is not only engineered by the religious elites but results
into [sic] an enhancement of their hold on the Muslim masses. It is
thus a traditionalizing movement par excellence" 18.
Seen in this perspective, two
interrelated propositions become obvious. First, the determined bids
by Faraiziz, Wahhabis,Al-Hadithis and Tablighis to remove Hindu
influences and practices from the lives of ordinary Muslims and to
block Western ideas and ideals were part of one single movement and,
as such, one programme could not be separated from the other.
Secondly, the presence of Hindu elements in Indian Islam alone could
make its modernization possible by way of exposure to, and
acceptance of, Western values; their elimination inevitably closed
Indian Islam to modernization. But for the British tilt towards
them, necessitated by the compulsions of the Raj, Indian Muslims
would have faced marginalization long before 1947.