Punjab now contains five and not seven rivers, it may be added that
the Saraswati, biggest of them in Vedic times, dried up about the
same time as the so-called Indus Valley civilization disappeared
around 1800 B.C. and another river Drishadvati, now known as Naiwala,
is going dry.
Students of the Rigveda are familiar
with the battle of ten Kings. The relevant hymns have been
variously interpreted. Most of these interpretations cannot stand
scrutiny. The details, however, do not concern us. Pertinent for us
is the fact that the names mentioned there help us identify various
The Parthus are obviously Parthians
of latter-day Iran, the Parsus the Persians, the Pakthas the
Pakhtoons or the Pathans, the Bhalanas the Baluchis (witness Bolan
pass), the Visanins Pisaca (Dardic people), and the Bhrigus
ancestors of the Phyrgians.