fact, Moses, real or mythical, marks a radical departure from all
previous spiritual traditions. Christian and Muslim writers have
argued that uncompromising monotheism, as first propounded by Moses,
represents a higher stage in the evolution of religion. But that is
a different matter which can be allowed to rest for the time being.
What is important to emphasize right now is that along with the
doctrine of uncompromising monotheism, heresy hunting,
proselytization and holy wars became integral parts of Semitic
The proselytizing impetus in
Christianity and Islam is far from exhausted even in this secular
age, as is evident from their massive campaigns, especially in
Africa, and from the persecution of Muslim heretics such as
the Ahmadiyas in Pakistan and Bahais in Iran and of non-Muslim
peoples in Sudan. The details are blood- chilling.